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Sikh History

There are many sites available on the internet as well as books available in libraries on historical events in Sikhism. Below, Sikh-history.com and Chardeekalaa.com are referenced for your convenience.

One thing to watch out for in your research of Sikh websites is misleading and miseducating information. Such information could be provided to you by parties with alternative interests. For example, a member of the website Sikhnet.com, which is supported by the 3HO cult, may persuade you that Kundalini Yoga is a key part of  Sikhism, and may tell you that Yogi Bhajan is the leader of Sikhs in the Western Hemisphere. Both statements are completely false. Furthermore, a member of the website Namdhari.org, built by the Namdharee cult, may tell you that Guru Gobind Singh jee did not leave this world at the time that 99% of historians say. They will tell you that he also named a successor as the 11th human Guru (not Guru Granth Sahib), and that all Sikhs should follow this Guru and his successors. These aforementioned facts are also completely false and misleading.

Please keep an open mind, and try to read as many texts by reputed historians as you can, rather than looking at questionable materials. Materials by Orientalist authors like McLeod, and Oberoi should be avoided. Acclaimed Sikh historians and scholars include Professor Puran Singh, Professor Ganda Singh, Dr. Gurbakhsh Singh, and Sirdar Kapur Singh.

Earlier history, like the events during the times of the Gurus can be researched by reading the writings of Bhai Nand Lal jee, Bhai Gurdas Jee, and the Puratan Janamsakhees as well as Panthic hukamnamas such as those issued by Mata Sahib Dev Jee, Mata Sundree Jee, Bhai Daya Singh jee and Bhai Chaupa Singh Jee. Other janamsakhees and the writings of anti-Sikh forces should not be taken into consideration for an accurate portrayal of Sikh history.




History Of the Sikhs

Biographies of the Gurus
Read about the biographies of all Sikh Gurus. Starting from Guru Nanak Dev, founder of Sikhism. Also included in this section is biographies of many famous Gur Sikhs. Let's read Biographies of the founders of Sikhism

Major Historical Events
All major historical events. Starting from Baba Farid Shakarganj (1200's A.D.) to the current situation in Punjab are described in details with quotations from thoroughly researched books. Let's read Major historical events

Biographies of the Sikh Martyrs
Sikhism was founded on the tradition of martyrdom, to upheld the dharma for justice. This section starts with martyrdom of Guru Arjan devji, fifth Guru. Let's read Biographies of the Sikh Martyrs

Biographies of Great Sikh Warriors
Read about the biographies of Great Sikh Warriors. Heros of Sikhism, who upheld the teachings of Sikh Gurus and resisted the attempt by Mughals to eradicate Sikhism. Let's read Biographies of the Great Sikh Warriors

Institutes of Sikhism
Read about Gurdwars, Institutes and other information regarding all modern Sikh institutes, i.e. Guru Nanak Dev University, etc. Let's read about Sikh Institutes

Other Sikh Personalities
Read about the biographies of all Other Sikh personalities. Sikh Social Heroes of Ghadr movement, Gurdwara Reform movement, Independence Struggle, Partition,Punjabi Suba Agitation, 1984, etc. Let's read Biographies of the Sikh personalities




Historical Gurudwaras of Punjab


"True is that place, where the mind becomes pure. True is the one who abides in Truth."
Guru Amar Das, Raga Gauri, pg. 158

Historical Gurudwaras of Punjab Classified by Guru
Guru Nanak Dev Jee
Guru Angad Dev Jee
Guru Amar Das Jee
Guru Ram Das Jee
Guru Arjan Dev Jee
Guru Hargobind Jee
Guru Har Rai Jee
Guru Harkrishan Jee
Guru Tegh Bahadur Jee
Guru Gobind Singh Jee
Famous Sikhs


All religions have temples where people can gather together to contemplate on God and pray. The Sikh temple is called a Gurudwara. The word 'Gurudwara' means 'Gateway to the Guru'. In Sikhi ones personal dedication to living a good life is important but another important aspect of Sikhi is the Sangat (congregation). Not only should one meditate on God on their individual level but also on a corporate level. There are thousands of Gurudwaras throughout Punjab and the rest of the world. They serve as community centers for the Sikh's. There are no restrictions on who may enter a Gurudwara for prayer. People of all religions are welcome to attend. Another common feature of all Gurudwaras around the world is Langer, the free community kitchen. Here food is served to all people who sit together to enjoy a communal meal. It is a symbol of the Sikh belief in a non-sexist, non-racist society where all people of all casts, religions are equal and can share a common meal in the true spirit of unity.

Many of the Gurudwaras in Punjab have a pool (sarovar) for bathing in. In Sikhi one can bathe in these pools if they wish, but they should be pure inside in order to accomplish anything. For the water may clean you on the outside, but it cannot clean you on the inside if your heart is not pure. Unlike some religions, pilgrimages is not a part of Sikhi. Sikhs may visit any Gurudwara as they are all considered equal because in all the living Guru, Sri Guru Granth Sahib (the Sikh Holy Scriptures), is installed as the spiritual head of the Sikh religion.

Source: Courtesy of

The Sikhi Library @ Chardeekalaa.com
The Sikhi Library @ ChardeeKalaa.com

In partnership with:

 The Waheguroo! Network